The ochraceous piculet has not been studied in great detail and so little is known about this elusive bird. However, it can be assumed that much of its biology is similar to that of other woodpeckers.
All woodpeckers are able to climb tree trunks and move along branches with ease, due to their ‘zygodactyl’ feet, which have two toes pointing forward and two toes pointing backwards, allowing the bird to have a firm grip (4).
Woodpeckers typically use their long, stout bills to excavate holes in trees in which to roost and nest (4) (5). This powerful bill is also used to dig into the bark to find wood-boring insects on which to feed. Woodpeckers also eat insects plucked off the tree surface, and use their long, sticky tongues to probe holes to find prey (5).