The breeding season of the ocellated lizard begins in late spring to early summer (5). It is an oviparous species, with the female laying a single clutch of 5 to 22 eggs (1), usually at the beginning of June (9). The eggs begin to hatch from early September to mid-October (5).
An active, mainly terrestrial predator, the ocellated lizard hunts in large, open areas. Insects comprise the primary component of the ocellated lizard’s diet, with snails and small vertebrate animals also being taken, as well as wild berries throughout the summer months (3) (9). This species is also known to climb trees to gain access to bird’s nests to eat the eggs (3).
In order to thermoregulate, the ocellated lizard spends large amounts of time basking in the area around its refuge (5).
A diurnal species (3), the ocellated lizard is particularly active between the months of April and September (3) (8), with hibernation occurring between November and late February in the southern parts of its range. In cooler regions, hibernation takes place up to two weeks earlier and finishes at the end of March. The ocellated lizard uses abandoned rabbit burrows, hollow trees or logs during this period of dormancy (3).