Very little is known about the biology of the Monte Albo cave salamander. However, like other Plethodontidae species, a spermatophore is likely to be deposited by the male, which is then up taken from the substrate by the female and fertilised internally (4). The female lays the eggs on land, and the eggs hatch into minature versions of the adult, rather than going through a larval stage (1).
The Plethodontidae are named the ‘lungless salamanders’ due to the evolution of a respiratory system which lacks lungs. Instead, oxygen enters the bloodstream through gas exchange across the surface of the skin and mouth lining (4).
Many salamanders have evolved deadly methods of protection from predators (4). The Monte Albo cave salamander secretes a toxin from glands on its back, deterring any potential attackers (2). Although the exact diet of this species is unknown, salamanders in general feed on small invertebrates (4).