An insectivorous species, Mehely’s horseshoe bat specialises in hunting moths, but will also consume other invertebrates such as beetles and flies (6). Mehely’s horseshoe bat typically to uses a perch-hunting strategy, where it will hunt prey in short flights from a perch (7).
Like most species in the genus Rhinolophus, Mehely’s horseshoe bat is gregarious, forming moderate-sized colonies that sometimes include other species (1) (4). Winter colonies of hibernating Mehely’s horseshoe bats can contain up to 5,000 individuals (1). While at rest, horseshoe bats hang upside-down with the wings wrapped around the body, rather than resting alongside like most other bat species (4).
Although there is little information available on the reproductive biology of Mehely’s horseshoe bat, it is known to form summer nursery colonies of between 30 and 500 individuals (1). Mehely’s horseshoe bat usually gives birth to a litter of two young, and these are fed on milk produced by the female (2) (4). In addition to the milk producing teats, female horseshoe bats also have two teat-like projections, known as ‘dummy teats’, to which the young will cling during flight (4).