The marsh pagoda is a perennial plant that flowers between May and November (5). Birds such as sunbirds, and sugarbirds, are attracted by the sweet, sugar-rich nectar and the brightly coloured bracts and styles, and are the main pollinators. The marsh pagoda also forms an unlikely symbiotic relationship with native ant species, which collect and cache the fallen ripe fruits in underground burrows (2) (3). In their nests, the ants consume the fleshy, lipid-rich thickenings covering the seed, but the actual seed with its hard coat, remains intact, and cannot be grasped by ants and ejected from the nests (2) (4). The seeds are stimulated to germinate by the changes in temperature, pH and oxygen levels that follow natural fires. This behaviour serves to protect the seeds from rodents, but especially fires, which may kill much of the above ground vegetation, allowing the young plants to thrive in open, less competitive areas, in the fire’s wake (2) (4). The marsh pagoda is a relatively short-lived species, and as a result, the plants grow quickly, and maturity may be reached after two or three years of growth, with plants living to a maximum of 15 years (2) (4).