Sunday 19 May
Madagascar pitcher plant (Nepenthes madagascariensis)
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Madagascar pitcher plant fact file
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Madagascar pitcher plant description
The Madagascar pitcher plant is a carnivorous plant that produces impressive ‘pitchers’ that catch the insect prey.Top
Madagascar pitcher plant biology
The pitchers of Nepenthes species have a smooth lining. Insects and other small animals that are attracted to the pitchers cannot maintain a grip on this slippery surface and fall into the pitcher, where their tissues are broken down by a strong digestive fluid produced by the pitcher (3). Interestingly, the active agent in this fluid that digests proteins is very similar in structure to that produced in the stomach of mammals (3).Top
Madagascar pitcher plant rangeTop
Madagascar pitcher plant habitatTop
Madagascar pitcher plant statusTop
Madagascar pitcher plant threats
The threats directly facing this species are unknown. However, Madagascar has suffered devastating levels of habitat destruction and degradation since the arrival of humans on the island around 2000 years ago.Top
Madagascar pitcher plant conservation
International trade in this pitcher plant is controlled by the listing of the species under Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) (3).Top
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- A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
- A category used in taxonomy, which is below ‘family’ and above ‘species’. A genus tends to contain species that have characteristics in common. The genus forms the first part of a ‘binomial’ Latin species name; the second part is the specific name.
- IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2003 (March, 2004)
- CITES (March, 2004)
- Frazier, C.K. The enduring controversies concerning the process of protein digestion in Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) – International Carnivorous Plant Society (March, 2004)
- Conspectus of the Vascular plants of Madagascar (March, 2004)
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