The main conservation measures aimed at, or affecting, the long-whiskered owlet involve the protection of its habitat. Until recently, the owlet’s habitat was completely unprotected (6); although the species occurred near to the Alto Mayo Protected Forest in San Martín (2), protection was only partial (14) and had little effect on the rate of deforestation (2).
Several conservation organisations acknowledge the north-eastern Peruvian forests as a key habitat for biodiversity; Conservation International has classed the whole tropical Andes area as a biodiversity hotspot (11), and BirdLife International class the north-eastern Peruvian mountains an Endemic Bird Area (EBA) with urgent priority for conservation (12). BirdLife International, in partnership with Conservation International, has also mapped 33 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Peru (16), including Abra Patricia and Cordillera de Colán (17). Such acknowledgement has drawn additional attention and funding for conservation in the region. BirdFair raised $300,000 to support conservation of 8 of the most critical IBAs and BirdLife International are working with NGO partners to support projects including raising local awareness of the long-whiskered owlet through construction of an interpretive centre, and promotion of alternative, less harmful local practices in IBAs (16). A new reserve, the Abra Patricia-Alto Nieva Private Conservation Area, has also now been established to protect the long-whiskered owlet along with other species (6).
Many conservationists hope that the discovery of the long-whiskered-owlet population at La Esperanza will further aid conservation of the species and its habitat by generating further interest from birdwatchers and conservationists (8) (10).