Like many gerbil species, the lesser Egyptian gerbil is a nocturnal mammal, spending the day in a burrow, which is typically 30 to 60 centimetres deep. The burrow provides refuge from the burning hot day temperatures, and on extremely hot days, this gerbil plugs the entrance of its burrow with sand (3). The lesser Egyptian gerbil lives in large social groups, with many individuals often sharing the same burrow (2), and it may also sometimes be found sharing its burrow with other rodents, as well as lizards and toads (6).
The lesser Egyptian gerbil feeds on seeds, leaves, buds and fruit (3), with dry seeds being the staple food (6). It searches in camel dung for undigested seeds and husks and sometimes ventures into human dwellings in search of food and shelter (2) (3).
This species’ breeding season is between January and May (3). The young are born blind and naked after a gestation period of 20 to 22 days (5), with the average litter containing between 3 and 6 young (2).