Named after the distinctive spotted pattern on its back, the leopard fringe-fingered lizard (Acanthodactylus pardalis) is the least common Acanthodactylus species in Egypt (2) (3). Like all species in its genus, the leopard fringe-fingered lizard has ‘fringes’ of scales along the sides of its toes which aid in movement over sandy surfaces (2) (3).
The leopard fringe-fingered lizard has small, smooth scales on its back which are sandy coloured, with black and light blotches. It has 14 rows of scales on its stomach (3).
Male and female leopard fringe-fingered lizards differ in appearance. The male has an irregular pattern, with larger femoral pores than the female to mark its territory or attract females. The male also has a broader tail base than the female, and often one less vertebra, as well as a bright yellow infusion on its throat during the breeding season (3). The female leopard fringe-fingered lizard has two light bands on its back (2).
The juvenile leopard fringe-fingered lizard has dark and light stripes on its back which are more pronounced than on the adult, and often has a blue tail. As the leopard fringe-fingered lizard matures, the pattern fades and becomes duller (3).
- Average male body length: 5.6 cm (2)
- Maximum female body length: 7.4 cm (2)
- Average male weight: 7.4 g (2)
- Average female weight: 5 g (2)