The lappet-faced vulture is distributed across the Middle East and Africa, where it is found from the southern Sahara to the Sahel (9), down through east Africa to central and northern South Africa. In Africa, this vulture breeds in Egypt, possibly Libya, Senegal, Niger, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa (2). Breeding populations have been extinct in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia since the 1930s (2), and it may also no longer breed in Swaziland (10). In the Middle East, the lappet-faced vulture breeds in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen (2). This species no longer breeds in Israel, but it is known to sometimes travel up to 150 kilometres away from its breeding areas to forage, and thus individuals that are thought to breed in Saudi Arabia can be found in Israel (2) (9).