As a direct result of the re-discovery of Jerdon’s courser, the Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary was established, with the aims of protecting the species and its habitat (6). Since 2001, the Bombay Natural History Society, in collaboration with the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, and the Universities of Cambridge and Reading, have been working to determine the distribution and habitat requirements of the species. The application of tracking strips, camera traps and audio-playback methodologies have successfully identified new locations for Jerdon’s courser, investigated habitat usage, and evaluated threats (7) (8). Lobbying against the construction of the Telugu-Ganga canal through the Jerdon’s courser's range successfully avoided further habitat destruction and fragmentation in 1986, but in 2005 the canal project recommenced and resulted in the destruction of some Jerdon’s Courser habitat. However, although canal construction proceeded, the route was modified to make it less damaging and 1,000 hectares of additional land were acquired by the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department in compensation (6) (10). If Jerdon’s courser can be restored on this degraded land, the future prospects of the species can be improved (5). Further proposed measures include a radio-telemetry study to determine ecological requirements for the species, and the initiation of conservation awareness programmes amongst local communities to minimise habitat loss and alteration (4).