The main threat to the Iringa akalat is the destruction of its forested habitat. Although the population is currently considered to be relatively secure in the Udzungwa Mountains, the population of this species in the Southern highlands is under much greater pressure from habitat loss and fragmentation, due to severe logging (1) (3).
Agricultural expansion and cultivation is a growing threat to the Iringa akalat throughout its range, with more and more land being converted to crops. This has resulted in the near total clearance of forest patches in some areas (3) (6) (7) (9). Fire is also a significant threat to this species, as each year large areas of the Southern Highlands are disturbed by fires of primarily human origin, causing a shift from forest to grassland (6) (8) (9) (10).
Due to its fairly restricted distribution at high altitudes, the Iringa akalat may potentially be vulnerable to climate change. Climate change predictions for the Eastern Arc region of Africa suggest that rainfall is likely to decrease and temperatures are likely to rise. The biggest impact will be on species that already exist close to the limit of their climatic tolerance, such those living at higher altitudes, which are unable to further shift their distribution to a more favourable climate (10) (11).