The Iberian arched-mouth nase is currently protected by its listing on Annex II of the European Union Habitats Directive and Appendix III of the Bern Convention (1) (9) (10). Major conservation aims for this species include increasing the existing population and restoring this species’ habitat (8). In order to achieve these aims, a greater area of this species range needs to be protected (6). Control of invasive species is also hoped to have a positive impact on the Iberian arched-mouth nase population (8).
Future construction of dams and reservoirs should take into account the requirements of this species during planning (8), and water conditions where Iberian arched-mouth nase juveniles are present must be carefully monitored, especially when the river flow is low (6). In order to restock rivers in the future when this species’ habitat has been restored, a captive breeding population needs to be established (6).
As well as a public awareness campaign, more research is needed into the ecology of the Iberian arched-mouth nase in order to better understand how to conserve it (8).