One of the smallest snakes in the world (3), the hooked thread snake is a rarely seen, predominately subterranean species of North Africa and the Middle East (2)(4). Owing to its diminutive size, extremely slender body, and pink skin, it is often mistaken for an earthworm (3)(4). Shiny, smooth scales cover its body, enabling it to slide easily through sand and soil (5)(6). The eyes are only just visible as small black dots, while the snout is strongly hooked for burrowing, hence the common name (2)(7).
On account of their small size and secretive lives, most species within the Leptotyphlopidae family, including the hooked thread snake, are relatively poorly known (2)(5). The hooked thread snake burrows in sand and soil, rarely being seen at the surface, except at night, or after being washed out by heavy rain (4). Although, primarily a specialist termite feeder, this species will also feed on ants and other soft-bodied insects (2)(3)(4). Like other thread snakes, it lays eggs (5), with the clutch size ranging from two to four (2).
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