Hooked thread snake (Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus)

loading
Hooked thread snake
loading
Loading more images and videos...

Hooked thread snake fact file

Hooked thread snake description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderSquamata
FamilyLeptotyphlopidae
GenusLeptotyphlops (1)

One of the smallest snakes in the world (3), the hooked thread snake is a rarely seen, predominately subterranean species of North Africa and the Middle East (2) (4). Owing to its diminutive size, extremely slender body, and pink skin, it is often mistaken for an earthworm (3) (4). Shiny, smooth scales cover its body, enabling it to slide easily through sand and soil (5) (6). The eyes are only just visible as small black dots, while the snout is strongly hooked for burrowing, hence the common name (2) (7).

Also known as
hook-snouted slender blindsnake, Longnosed worm snake.
Size
Max length: 24 cm (2)
Top

Hooked thread snake biology

On account of their small size and secretive lives, most species within the Leptotyphlopidae family, including the hooked thread snake, are relatively poorly known (2) (5). The hooked thread snake burrows in sand and soil, rarely being seen at the surface, except at night, or after being washed out by heavy rain (4). Although, primarily a specialist termite feeder, this species will also feed on ants and other soft-bodied insects (2) (3) (4). Like other thread snakes, it lays eggs (5), with the clutch size ranging from two to four (2).

Top

Hooked thread snake range

The hooked thread snake occurs in scattered locations throughout Northern Africa, across to the Arabian Peninsula and through the Middle East to Pakistan (2) (4) (8).

Top

Hooked thread snake habitat

Found in sandy areas of dry savanna and semi-desert (7).

Top

Hooked thread snake status

This species has yet to be classified by the IUCN.

Top

Hooked thread snake threats

While the conservation status of the hooked thread snake is yet to be assessed on the IUCN Red List, there are no known major threats to this species.

Top

Hooked thread snake conservation

There are no known conservation measures in place for the hooked thread snake.

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi is a principal sponsor of ARKive. EAD is working to protect and conserve the environment as well as promoting sustainable development in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
Top

Find out more

To learn more about reptile conservation visit:

Top

Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact: arkive@wildscreen.org.uk
Top

References

  1. Species 2000 and ITIS Catalogue of Life (March, 2009)
    http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist
  2. O'Shea, M. (2007) Boas and Pythons of the World. New Holland Publishers, London.
  3. Vine, P. (1996) Natural Emirates: Wildlife and Environment of the United Arab Emirates. Trident Press, London.
  4. Hellyer, P. and Aspinall, S. (2005) The Emirates: A Natural History. Trident Press Limited, United Arab Emirates.
  5. Halliday, T. and Adler, K. (2002) The New Encyclopedia of Reptile and Amphibians. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  6. Burnie, D. (2001) Animal. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  7. J. Craig Venter Institute (August, 2009)
    http://www.jcvi.org/reptiles/species.php?genus=Leptotyphlops&species=macrorhynchus
  8. Al-Sadoon, M.K. (1989) Survey of the reptilian fauna of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 1. The snake fauna of the Central Region. J. King Saud. Univ. Sci., 2: 53 - 69.
X
Close

Image credit

Hooked thread snake  
Hooked thread snake

© Seyed Bagher Mousavi and Seyed Saeed Mousavi

Seyed Bagher Mousavi and Seyed Saeed Mousavi
Majid Alavy
Bostan
Khouzestan
Iran
Tel: +989166077759
majidhor2011@yahoo.com
http://www.houralazim.com

X
Close

Link to this photo

ARKive species - Hooked thread snake (Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus) Embed this ARKive thumbnail link ("portlet") by copying and pasting the code below.

Terms of Use - The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to ARKive's online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. It may NOT be used within Apps.

Read more about

X
Close

MyARKive

MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.

Play the Team WILD game:

Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Your mission: protect and conserve the planet’s species and habitats from destruction.

Conservation in Action

Which species are on the road to recovery? Find out now »

This species is featured in:

This species is featured in Jewels of the UAE, which showcases biodiversity found in the United Arab Emirates in association with the Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi.

This species is featured in:

Learn more about the world’s snakes on our topic page.

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Donate today!

Blog RSS