Typically a solitary bird, except during the breeding season (6), the hooded wheatear is shy and wary, and is known to dive for cover at the slightest alarm (6).
The diet of the hooded wheatear is mainly composed of a large variety of invertebrates, such as grasshoppers, beetles, dragonflies, butterflies, moths, wasps, bees and spiders (2). It may pursue flying insects while in flight, flying up to 100 metres high above the ground (2), or scan the ground from an elevated perch before attacking ground-dwelling insect prey (3). The hooded wheatear may also feed on ticks, plucked from the skin of camels when living next to human settlements. It also supplements its diet with seeds (2).
The hooded wheatear is a monogamous bird that typically breeds between March and June, although the exact timing of breeding can vary depending on the location (2). The nest of the hooded wheatear is a small, shallow cup made of straw and weeds and is lined with soft material, such as wool and feathers (3), and is typically placed three metres off the ground (2). The female hooded wheatear usually lays three to five eggs (2), which are pale sky-blue with tiny rust-coloured spots (3). The eggs are incubated for 14 to 15 days and, after hatching, the chicks stay in the nest for 14 to 15 days before they fledge (3). Both the male and the female feed the young about three to seven times a day (6).
During the breeding season and in winter, the hooded wheatear defends a large territory. These territories have been recorded measuring around one square kilometre in Iran or several kilometres in Israel, but the territory boundaries are not usually strongly defined (2) (6). In territorial disputes, the hooded wheatear uses its defence call which sounds like a harsh ‘zack’ (6).