Tuesday 21 May
Hinton's oak (Quercus hintonii)
- Hinton’s oak is found only in Mexico, where it occupies a small area in the State of Mexico.
- Hinton’s oak is characterised by its bright red foliage at the start of spring.
What’s the World’s Favourite Species?Find out here.
Hinton's oak fact file
- Find out more
- Print factsheet
Hinton's oak description
Growing up to 15 metres in height and 0.5 metres in diameter, Hinton’s oak (Quercus hintonii) is a small deciduous tree found only in a small part of Mexico. It has dark bark, and is characterised by its bright red young foliage at the start of spring (2) (3) (4).
The leaves of Hinton’s oak are leathery in texture and are oval to lance-shaped, with a smooth or sometimes toothed margin. Each leaf measures up to 21 centimetres in length and 10 centimetres in width, and is light green and glossy, with a hairy underside (3) (4).
The male flowers of Hinton’s oak grow on long ‘catkins’ which measures up to ten centimetres in length. Each catkin consists of many individuals flowers. The female catkins grow up to 14 centimetres in length, and each consists of up to 6 flowers (3) (4). As in other oak (Quercus) species, the fruits of Hinton’s oak are known as acorns, and each acorn sits in a small ‘cup’. In this species, one to four acorns grow on a short stalk (3) (4).
- Also known as
- encino of Hinton, encino prieto. Top
Global Trees Campaign- Quercus hintonii:
- A plant that sheds its leaves at the end of the growing season.
- A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
- Montane forest
- Forest occurring in mountains.
- Submontane forest
- Forest occurring in the foothills or lower slopes of a mountainous region.
IUCN Red List (February, 2013)
Global Trees Campaign- Quercus hintonii (July, 2010)
- Aguilar Enríquez, M. de L. and Romero Rangel, S. (1995) Estudio taxonómico de cuatro especies de encino (Quercus) descritas por Warburg. Acta Botánica Mexicana, 31: 63-71.
- Romero Rangel, S., Carlos, E., Zenteno, R. and Aguilar Enríquez, M. de L. (2002) El género Quercus (Fagaceae) en el Estado de México. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 89(4): 551-593.
- view the contents of, and Material on, the website;
- download and retain copies of the Material on their personal systems in digital form in low resolution for their own personal use;
- teachers, lecturers and students may incorporate the Material in their educational material (including, but not limited to, their lesson plans, presentations, worksheets and projects) in hard copy and digital format for use within a registered educational establishment, provided that the integrity of the Material is maintained and that copyright ownership and authorship is appropriately acknowledged by the End User.
Hinton's oak biology
This tree is of great importance in Mexico, having a variety of uses, from firewood to tool handles, fence poles, furniture and beams (2) (3) (4). It is part of the traditional culture of the Tejupilco people, who burn it in bread-making ovens, giving a distinctive taste to the loaves (2).Top
Hinton's oak rangeTop
Hinton's oak habitat
Hinton’s oak grows in submontane and montane dry forests (1) (2) which contain various oak (Quercus) and pine (Pinus) species (3) (4). It is found growing at elevations of between 1,300 and 1,950 metres (3) (4).Top
Hinton's oak status
Hinton’s oak is classified as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List (1).Top
Hinton's oak threats
Highly threatened by deforestation for coffee, avocado and maize plantations, Hinton’s oak is also being lost to human settlements and overgrazing by domestic livestock, which prevents seedling growth (1) (2). It may also be under threat from road construction (2).
As it only occupies a very small area, Hinton’s oak is particularly vulnerable to any threats (1).Top
Hinton's oak conservation
In a collaboration between Mexican researchers from the University of Puebla and staff from the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens and Arboretum in the United Kingdom, a conservation strategy for Hinton’s oak has been created. It involves training local people in plant propagation, undertaking field research, and the production of an educational guide about the conservation of this important species (2).Top
Find out more
Find out more about Hinton’s oak and its conservation:
Authenticated (21/03/13) by Richard Browne.Top
MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.
Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials
Copyright in this website and materials contained on this website (Material) belongs to Wildscreen or its licensors.
Visitors to this website (End Users) are entitled to:
End Users shall not copy or otherwise extract, alter or manipulate Material other than as permitted in these Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials.
Additional use of flagged material
Green flagged material
Certain Material on this website (Licence 4 Material) displays a green flag next to the Material and is available for not-for-profit conservation or educational use. This material may be used by End Users, who are individuals or organisations that are in our opinion not-for-profit, for their not-for-profit conservation or not-for-profit educational purposes. Low resolution, watermarked images may be copied from this website by such End Users for such purposes. If you require high resolution or non-watermarked versions of the Material, please contact Wildscreen with details of your proposed use.
Creative commons material
Certain Material on this website has been licensed to Wildscreen under a Creative Commons Licence. These images are clearly marked with the Creative Commons buttons and may be used by End Users only in the way allowed by the specific Creative Commons Licence under which they have been submitted. Please see http://creativecommons.org for details.
Any other use
Please contact the copyright owners directly (copyright and contact details are shown for each media item) to negotiate terms and conditions for any use of Material other than those expressly permitted above. Please note that many of the contributors to ARKive are commercial operators and may request a fee for such use.
Save as permitted above, no person or organisation is permitted to incorporate any copyright material from this website into any other work or publication in any format (this includes but is not limited to: websites, Apps, CDs, DVDs, intranets, extranets, signage, digital communications or on printed materials for external or other distribution). Use of the Material for promotional, administrative or for-profit purposes is not permitted.