Friday 17 May
Gyraulus (Gyraulus crenophilus)
Gyraulus fact file
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The shell of Gyraulus crenophilus has 3.5 to 4 whorls, the last of which is smoothly rounded, and the shell is marked with fine, spiral lines (2). This species has a moderate umbilicus, and the shell is often covered in algae. The body of Gyraulus crenophilus is grey to blackish (2), and the tentacles, which are long and slender in members of the Planorbidae family (3), are usually densely pigmented (2).Top
There is little available information on the biology of Gyraulus crenophilus. However, members of the Planorbidae family are known to be hermaphroditic, with an individual snail possessing both male and female sexual organs (4). Planorbidae are pulmonates, meaning that they can breathe air, which enables some members of the family to survive generally unfavourable, low-oxygen conditions. Planorbidae species can also absorb oxygen directly from the water (4).Top
Gyraulus crenophilus is a freshwater species, only inhabiting the edge or springs of Lake Ohrid, where it can be found on stones and rocks (1) (2). This species has a preference for a constant water temperature of 12 to 13 degrees Celsius (2).Top
Gyraulus crenophilus is classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List (1).Top
A restricted range species, Gyraulus crenophilus is vulnerable to alterations to its habitat (1). A number of pollutants are currently entering the streams and lake where Gyraulus crenophilus is present, including sewage from nearby cities, agricultural contaminants and an increasing amount of sediment due to deforestation in the catchment area of these water bodies. Over-extraction of water is also having a negative impact on this species in some parts of its range (1).Top
There are currently no known conservation measures in place for Gyraulus crenophilus, although monitoring and careful habitat management are suggested actions to conserve this rare snail (1).Top
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Find out more about Gyraulus crenophilus:
AnimalBase - Gyraulus crenophilus:
This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
- Simple plants that lack roots, stems and leaves but contain the green pigment chlorophyll. Most occur in marine and freshwater habitats.
- A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
- Possessing both male and female sex organs.
- Of or belonging to the Pulmonata, a group of gastropods which are capable of breathing air through lunglike sacs. Includes terrestrial snails and slugs and certain freshwater snails.
- In gastropod molluscs, such as snails, a depression or hole on the underside of the shell, at the centre of the whorls (the spirals or coils of the shell). It is present in many but not all snail species.
- In animals, the spirals or coils in the shell of a snail. In plants, a set of leaves, flowers, or branches that spring from a stem at the same point and encircle it.
IUCN Red List (December, 2011)
AnimalBase - Gyraulus crenophilus (December, 2011)
- Brown, D. (2005) Freshwater Snails of Africa and their Medical Importance. Taylor & Francis, London.
- Baker, F.C. (1945) The Molluscan Family Planorbidae. The University of Illinois Press, Urbana.
- Oscoz, J., Galicia, D. and Miranda, R. (Eds.) (2011) Identification of Freshwater Macroinvertebrates of Spain. Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London and New York.
- Recknadel, F. (Ed.) (2003) Ecological Informatics: Understanding Ecology by Biologically-Inspired Computation. Springer, Berlin and Heidelberg.
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