Little is known about the population size and trends of the greasy grouper due to confusion with similar species in the past, together with a general lack of data (1).
Like other groupers, the greasy grouper is likely to be threatened by overfishing, due to its large body size, long lifespan and slow growth rate (2). Groupers are caught by many different methods, including spears, traps and hook and line (1). Fish in the grouper family often inhabit shallow waters and this makes them vulnerable to highly destructive fishing methods in South East Asia, such as dynamite fishing (2).
The greasy grouper is traded in live fish markets in Hong Kong, where its commercial value is high for consumption, medicinal and spiritual uses (6).