Gossypium australe is a perennial woody shrub (2) (3) (4) (5) with cylindrical stems (3), and is one of 17 species within the Gossypium genus native to Australia (2) (3).
Sometimes referred to as the native cotton (6), Gossypium australe has large, ornamental flowers (3) (7) which are white, pink or blue-purple (2) (3) (7) and have a magenta spot at the base of each petal (3). In plants within the Malvaceae family, such as Gossypium australe, the flowering parts, including the petals, are usually found in fives (8). The long stamen filaments of this species are fused and have red anthers (3).
The leaves of Gossypium australe are broad and egg-shaped or slightly heart-shaped, and have a conspicuous scarlet nectar-producing gland, known as the nectary, located near the base of the mid-vein. The vegetative parts of this species are covered in soft hairs measuring just 0.1 millimetres in length (3).
Gossypium australe produces a capsule-like fruit (8). Its small seeds are egg-shaped (3) and are densely covered in short, stiff brown hairs (3) (9) that aid in wind dispersal (9).
- Height: 0.5 - 3 m (2)
- Seed length: 1 - 1.5 mm (3)