The golden palm civet’s arboreal lifestyle means that the main threat it faces is deforestation, as vast areas of Sri Lankan forest are being cleared to make way for agriculture, the timber industry and urbanisation. As a result of this, its habitat is becoming fragmented, leaving small isolated populations of the golden palm civet (1).
It has also been observed that the golden palm civet is more sensitive to the presence of humans than the common palm civet (2).
Another threat to the golden palm civet is the negative reputation that it has in Sri Lanka, where it is often seen a pest species which potentially damages crops, although this has never been proven (6). Traps are laid using fruit in order to kill the golden palm civet, and in some areas it is also killed for meat (2).