Saturday 15 June
Gibraltar candytuft (Iberis gibraltarica)
Gibraltar candytuft fact file
- Find out more
- Print factsheet
Gibraltar candytuft description
A low-growing wildflower, the Gibraltar candytuft (Iberis gibraltarica) is an abundant evergreen shrub that is native to the island of Gibraltar (2). A perennial species, the Gibraltar candytuft has green, fleshy leaves which may be oblong, wedge- or spoon-shaped, with distinctly toothed tips and a slight covering of fine hairs (3) (4).
The Gibraltar candytuft produces large, showy flowers of pink, pale lavender or white, sometimes suffused with red (3) (4) (5). Four petals form the shape of a cross, although the two inner petals have developed to become much larger than the outer petals (5). The lower outer flowers open first and have longer stems than those towards the middle, creating a beautiful flat-topped inflorescence which covers the entire plant when it is in bloom (5).
Part of the common name of this species, ‘candytuft’, was originally given to Iberis umbellata, from Crete, and is derived from ‘Candia’, the old Venetian name for Heraklion, the capital of Crete (5).Top
Gibraltar candytuft biologyTop
Gibraltar candytuft rangeTop
Gibraltar candytuft habitat
In the wild, the Gibraltar candytuft is common among crevices on the north face of the Rock of Gibraltar (5). It appears to prefer warm spots on banks or rocky places (2), and thrives in poor, dry soils (4).Top
Gibraltar candytuft status
The Gibraltar candytuft has not yet been classified by the IUCN.Top
Gibraltar candytuft threats
There are no known major threats to the Gibraltar candytuft and it is not currently considered at risk of extinction.Top
Gibraltar candytuft conservation
There are no known conservation measures in place which specifically target the Gibraltar candytuft.Top
Find out more
Find out more about conservation in Gibraltar and other UK Overseas Territories:
UK Overseas Territories Conservation Forum - Gibraltar:
This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
- A plant which retains leaves all year round. This is in contrast to deciduous plants, which completely lose their leaves for part of the year.
- A category used in taxonomy, which is below ‘family’ and above ‘species’. A genus tends to contain species that have characteristics in common. The genus forms the first part of a ‘binomial’ Latin species name; the second part is the specific name.
- The reproductive shoot of a plant, which bears a group or cluster of flowers.
- A plant that normally lives for more than two seasons. After an initial period, the plant produces flowers once a year.
ITIS (February, 2011)
- Robinson, W. (1870) The Wild Garden; or Our Groves and Shrubberies Made Beautiful by the Naturalization of Hardy Exotic Plants. Savill, Edwards and Co., Printers, London.
- Robinson, W. (1878) Hardy Flowers. Applewood Books, Bedford, Massachusetts.
Australian Seed - Gibraltar candytuft (February, 2011)
Freeth, R. (2009) At home on Rock of Gibraltar. Otago Daily Times, 31 July. Available at:
United Kingdom Overseas Territories Conservation Forum: Gibraltar (February, 2011)
MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.
Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials
Copyright in this website and materials contained on this website (Material) belongs to Wildscreen or its licensors.
Visitors to this website (End Users) are entitled to:
- view the contents of, and Material on, the website;
- download and retain copies of the Material on their personal systems in digital form in low resolution for their own personal use;
- teachers, lecturers and students may incorporate the Material in their educational material (including, but not limited to, their lesson plans, presentations, worksheets and projects) in hard copy and digital format for use within a registered educational establishment, provided that the integrity of the Material is maintained and that copyright ownership and authorship is appropriately acknowledged by the End User.
End Users shall not copy or otherwise extract, alter or manipulate Material other than as permitted in these Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials.
Additional use of flagged material
Green flagged material
Certain Material on this website (Licence 4 Material) displays a green flag next to the Material and is available for not-for-profit conservation or educational use. This material may be used by End Users, who are individuals or organisations that are in our opinion not-for-profit, for their not-for-profit conservation or not-for-profit educational purposes. Low resolution, watermarked images may be copied from this website by such End Users for such purposes. If you require high resolution or non-watermarked versions of the Material, please contact Wildscreen with details of your proposed use.
Creative commons material
Certain Material on this website has been licensed to Wildscreen under a Creative Commons Licence. These images are clearly marked with the Creative Commons buttons and may be used by End Users only in the way allowed by the specific Creative Commons Licence under which they have been submitted. Please see http://creativecommons.org for details.
Any other use
Please contact the copyright owners directly (copyright and contact details are shown for each media item) to negotiate terms and conditions for any use of Material other than those expressly permitted above. Please note that many of the contributors to ARKive are commercial operators and may request a fee for such use.
Save as permitted above, no person or organisation is permitted to incorporate any copyright material from this website into any other work or publication in any format (this includes but is not limited to: websites, Apps, CDs, DVDs, intranets, extranets, signage, digital communications or on printed materials for external or other distribution). Use of the Material for promotional, administrative or for-profit purposes is not permitted.