Prior to 1974, large areas of forest in Angola were lost to the establishment of coffee plantations, but with the start of the civil war, many of the plantations around the Gabela district were abandoned and the forest understorey recovered significantly. With the cessation of hostilities in 2002, pressure on the forest will again increase as demand for agricultural land grows (4). A growth in subsistence agriculture now poses the greatest threat to the Gabela akalat and other forest-dwelling birds of the region (2) (4). In some areas, 20 to 70 percent of canopy trees and all the undergrowth in valley bottoms are being cleared to plant bananas and sweet potatoes. In other areas, up to 95 percent of the forest canopy is being removed to plant cassava and maize (2). In addition, the re-establishment of coffee plantations would also have serious impacts on the Gabela akalat, particularly if varieties that require shade (which thrive beneath the canopy of forests) were replaced by sun-tolerant varieties (which results in the destruction of the forest canopy) (4).