Living in hot, dry, desert areas, Flower’s gerbil is well-adapted to conserving precious water. It does this by producing small amounts of concentrated urine and by not sweating (6). However, as it does not sweat, Flower’s gerbil must be careful not to overheat, and so avoids the hot, desert sun by staying in a burrow during the day, where temperatures are cooler than those above ground (2). All gerbils live in burrows, which are easily dug in the sandy environments they inhabit and can range from a few small holes to an elaborate series of tunnels (4).
Venturing from the burrow at night, Flower’s gerbil forages for seeds, leaves, nuts and fruits, which it often stores in small chambers in the burrow (2) (4). Camel dung has also been found in these chambers, which is thought to be picked apart by the gerbil in search of seeds to eat (2).
The breeding season of Flower’s gerbil is known to be from January to March, but could extend until May (2). After a gestation period of 20 to 22 days (2), the female gives birth to a litter that may contain one to eight offspring, although four or five young is most common (4). Young Flower’s gerbils are born furless and helpless and are completely dependent on their mother as they do not open their eyes for 16 to 20 days (4).