Fea’s petrel is listed on Annex I of the EC Birds Directive, which provides a framework for conservation and management of wild bird species in Europe (9), and is on Annex II of the Bern Convention (10). In 1990, the Desertas Islands were declared a Nature Reserve, giving legal protection to the islands’ seabirds (7), and a National Park has also been established at Chã das Caldeiras on Fogo, in the Cape Verdes, with the conservation of Fea’s petrel incorporated into the park’s agenda (4). A European Action Plan for Fea’s petrel was published in 1996, with the aim of protecting and maintaining the breeding population and promoting the expansion of its range in the Desertas Islands. Objectives included preventing human disturbance at breeding sites, undertaking monitoring and research, increasing public awareness, regenerating natural vegetation, and ensuring continued financial support for the species’ conservation (7). Eradication of rabbits and mice was also planned, and began in 2006 (4) (7). A plan for the control of goats on the islands is also being prepared (4).
Other proposed conservation measures include the provision of artificial nesting burrows (7), the continuation of population surveys and monitoring, and an assessment of the impacts of the yellow-legged gull, as well as discouraging hunting by humans (4). However, the ongoing review of the taxonomy of the Fea’s petrel means it will be important to reassess the conservation status of the populations on Bugio and the Cape Verdes Islands if they are found to constitute distinct species (4) (5).