The Eurasian lynx is mainly active around dawn and dusk, but may actively hunt during any hour of the day (8). The bulk of its diet is comprised of mammalian herbivores such as roe and red deer. Wild pigs, beavers, hares, rabbits, small rodents, other carnivores and birds are also taken when larger animals are scarce (1) (2) (4) (8). A proficient hunter, the Eurasian lynx is capable of killing animals three to four times its own size (2) (4) (6). Prey is usually approached by stealth, until close enough to pounce on, or pursue over a short distance, but sometimes it will ambush potential quarry by lying in wait near trails (4).
In common with other solitary cats, the Eurasian lynx appears to have a social organisation that involves males inhabiting large home ranges, within which one or more females reside (4). While female territories tend to exhibit little overlap, male territories often overlap to some extent, although males normally avoid each other (2) (4). The lynx uses various scent marks, including urine, faeces and scrapes to mark territory and also to communicate with neighbours. Although not commonly heard in the wild, during the mating season, between February and April, both the males and females vocalise frequently (4). Towards the end of the gestation period, which lasts 67 to 74 days, the female finds a sheltered den to give birth to one to four kittens (2) (4). At three months old the young are weaned and begin to accompany the female, eventually leaving just before the next mating season (2). The female reaches reproductive maturity at 20 to 24 months, and the males at 30 to 34 months (8).