Atlantic forest

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Aerial view of Iguaçu river running through the Atlantic forest

Description

The Atlantic forest is one of the most diverse and biologically rich forests in the world, but also one of the most highly threatened, with only around eight percent of its original cover remaining (1) (2). Also known as the Atlantic rainforest or Mata Atlântica, it comprises a unique series of South American forest ecosystems, which have long been isolated from the Atlantic forest’s larger and more famous neighbour, the Amazon rainforest (1) (3) (4).

Despite the scale of its destruction, the Atlantic forest possesses a diverse and...