Cuban fig-eating bat (Phyllops falcatus)

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Cuban fig-eating bat on branch
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Cuban fig-eating bat fact file

Cuban fig-eating bat description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderChiroptera
FamilyPhyllostomidae
GenusPhyllops (1)

The only surviving member of the genus Phyllops, the Cuban fig-eating bat (Phyllops falcatus) is a little-known, foliage-roosting bat of the northern Caribbean. This medium-sized bat has a broad noseleaf that ends in a pointed tip, short rounded ears and a thick, pinkish tragus, but lacks a tail. The fur is dense, silky and greyish-brown on the underparts, but darker on the upperparts. Each individual hair is mostly tricolored, with dark grey or brown tips, dark bases and a pale middle band. The facial skin is brown, there is a small white patch of fur on each shoulder and there is another small patch of white just behind the ears. The female Cuban fig-eating bat is larger than the male. 

The Cuban fig-eating bat is similar to the Jamaican fruit-eating bat (Artibeus jamaicensis), but may be distinguished by the lack of stripes on its face and by its smaller size (2) (3).

Also known as
Cuban white-shouldered bat, falcate-winged bat.
Size
Head-body length: 5.5 - 6.5 cm (2)
Forearm length: 4 - 4.8 cm (2)
Wingspan: 3.15 - 3.65 cm (2)
Weight
16 - 23 g (2)
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Cuban fig-eating bat biology

An enigmatic mammal, almost nothing is known about the biology and behaviour of the Cuban fig-eating bat. It is thought to be a fairly sociable species, roosting in the shadowy parts of foliage in small groups of three to five. It is possible that the males and females roost separately and that during the breeding season the males gather a harem of females, as indicated by a sex ratio skewed towards females. Mating may occur several times throughout the year (2) (4)

The Cuban fig-eating bat feeds on the fruit of wild native fig trees (1).

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Cuban fig-eating bat range

The Cuban fig-eating bat is native to Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) and the Cayman Islands, where it is known from Grand Cayman and Cayman Brac. An individual was also recently captured in the southern keys of Florida, but it is likely that this individual was an accidental visitor there (1) (2) (3).

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Cuban fig-eating bat habitat

Generally inhabiting lowlands up to elevations of around 700 metres, the Cuban fig-eating bat has been recorded in a variety of forested environments including evergreen, sub-montane, pine, and semi-deciduous forest. It has also been found in plantations and gardens around urban areas (1) (2) (3).

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Cuban fig-eating bat status

The Cuban fig-eating bat is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Least Concern

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Cuban fig-eating bat threats

While the Cuban fig-eating bat has been tentatively assessed as not being threatened with extinction, the exact status of this species is unclear and much debated. Some scientists have described this species as having a wide distribution across Cuba with a tolerance to human disturbance, but others have suggested that it is uncommon compared to other bats in the region and that it is scarcely found away from natural habitat. The Cuban fig-eating bat is also only found on islands that are under severe threat from deforestation, meaning populations of this species should be carefully monitored (2).

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Cuban fig-eating bat conservation

Although the Cuban fig-eating bat has not been the target of any known conservation measures, it is found in a number of protected areas (1).

ARKive is supported by OTEP, a joint programme of funding from the UK FCO and DFID which provides support to address priority environmental issues in the Overseas Territories, and Defra
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Find out more

For more information on bat conservation:

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

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Glossary

Deciduous
A plant that sheds its leaves at the end of the growing season.
Evergreen
A plant which retains leaves all year round. This is in contrast to deciduous plants, which completely lose their leaves for part of the year.
Genus
A category used in taxonomy, which is below ‘family’ and above ‘species’. A genus tends to contain species that have characteristics in common. The genus forms the first part of a ‘binomial’ Latin species name; the second part is the specific name.
Montane forest
Forest occurring in the montane zone, a zone of cool upland slopes below the tree line dominated by large evergreen trees.
Noseleaf
A fleshy structure surrounding the nose, common to many bats. It is believed to function in focusing echolocation calls (high-pitched calls used in orientation and to locate prey) emitted from the nose.
Tragus
A soft cartilaginous projection extending in front of the external opening of the ear. In bats, it plays an important role in filtering returning echoes in echolocation.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (January, 2011)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  2. da Cunha Tavares, V. and Mancina, C.A. (2008) Phyllops falcatus (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae). Mammalian Species, 811: 1-7.
  3. Reid, F. (2006) A Field Guide to Mammals of North America, North of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York.
  4. Nowak, R.M. (1991) Walker's Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.
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Image credit

Cuban fig-eating bat on branch  
Cuban fig-eating bat on branch

© Michel Roggo / Biosphoto

Biosphoto
16 rue Velouterie
Avignon
84000
France
Tel: +33 (490) 162 042
Fax: +33 (663) 208 434
http://www.biosphoto.com/

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