As both its scientific and common names suggest, the Cretan frog (Pelophylax cretensisis) is found on the island of Crete, to which it is endemic (2) (3). Belonging to the Ranidae family, or ‘true frogs’, the Cretan frog has long, muscular legs, moist, smooth skin, webbed hind toes and a streamlined body. as with other members of the family, it also has a pointed snout (3).
The Cretan frog is considered a medium-sized frog when compared with other western Palearctic
[ ] water frog species (2) (3).
The Cretan frog is generally light grey to brown and mottled with brown or olive-grey spots on its back, while the throat and underside of the body are whitish-grey. Occasionally, the upperparts of the Cretan frog may be grass-green with distinct brown spots. The insides of the hind legs are yellow, and the sides of the body may also have yellowish colouration. This species has a prominent dark brown fold of skin down the back (2).
The calls of the Cretan frog are produced in a long series, and consist of many short bursts and intervals. The male Cretan frog has two dark grey vocal sacs, which create the characteristic croaking calls (3).
- Length: up to 6.3 cm (2)