A dioecious species,individual plants of Coprosma wallii bear either male or female flowers (2), which are wind pollinated (7). Fruits are produced throughout the year, and once fallen, the seeds quickly germinate, forming numerous seedlings around the parent plant (2). Other seeds are transported further afield by fruit-eating animals, such as birds, bats and lizards, which are attracted to the conspicuous, colourful fruits, and later pass the seeds in their droppings (5). In order to survive, seedlings require disturbed areas of soil, with high exposure to light, and are easily outcompeted by other plants. However, those individuals that do become well established may have a long-lifespan, possibly reaching over 100 years (2).