Due to the scarcity and inaccessibility of its habitat, this shy and secretive bird has been little studied in the wild. Individuals are thought to live in pairs and small family groups that defend a shared territory, and captive studies have shown the pair-bond to be very strong. Mating and nesting behaviour have not yet been observed in the wild, but much has been learnt from observations in captivity. The most notable and striking feature of mating is the beautiful courtship display of the male, his tail and wing feathers fanned out while he struts, bows and offers food items to the female. A clutch of one to four eggs is laid in a scrape or hollow in the ground, and incubated for approximately 28 days by the female. During this time, the male stays close to guard the nest, and the female leaves only rarely to feed. After the chicks hatch, both parents help rear them by brooding, protecting and feeding them, although the well-developed young are soon able to forage for themselves (3).
The Congo peafowl appears to have a fairly diverse, generalist diet, having been observed eating a variety of vegetation, fruit and seeds from common trees throughout its range, and also on invertebrates such as aquatic insects and termites (3) (6).