Common genet (Genetta genetta)

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Common genet in tree, at night
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Common genet fact file

Common genet description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderCarnivora
FamilyViverridae
GenusGenetta (1)

The common genet is a slender, cat-like carnivore, recognised by a crest of long, black hairs that runs from the shoulders, along the back to the base of the tail, which can be erected when threatened (3) (4) (5). The rest of the fur on its elongated body is pale yellowish-brown with about three to four rows of dark spots running horizontally across the body (3) (6), while the long, often white-tipped tail is patterned with between 8 and 13 black rings (2). The common genet has a rather large head, rounded ears, brown eyes, and whitish patches beneath the eyes and near the tip of the pointed muzzle (4) (5). Like a cat, the common genet has retractable claws, enabling it to climb trees with agility (6). The male common genet tends to be larger than the female (2).

Also known as
Ibiza common genet, Ibiza genet.
French
Genette Commune.
Spanish
Gineta.
Size
Male length: 86 - 105 cm (2)
Female length: 84 - 102 cm (2)
Tail length: 33 - 51 cm (2)
Weight
1.4 - 2.5 kg (2)
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Common genet biology

The common genet is primarily a nocturnal animal, although young genets may be active during the day (2). Adult common genets tend to live alone, although the home ranges of a male and female often overlap (2). It prefers to remain in areas where it is protected by vegetation, especially woodland, and only ventures into open areas for hunting (1). Being carnivorous, the common genet feeds on a wide variety of small mammals and birds, but has a particular preference for wood mice (8).

Female common genets typically give birth to between one and four offspring after a gestation period of approximately ten to eleven weeks. The cubs emerge from the den at about 45 days old and start to eat meat after 7 weeks. Common genets can reproduce after reaching sexual maturity at about two years old. The lifespan of the common genet is about 13 years in captivity, but is likely to be shorter in wild populations (2).

Common genets have a number of different vocal calls, each used in certain situations. The ‘hiccup’ call is normally used by the mother and her offspring during the first five months, while the ‘purr’ call is used by offspring in their first week of life, and the ‘moan’ or ‘mew’ call is displayed by newly-dependent young genets. There are two types of aggressive calls: the ‘growl’, heard from young genets after they have developed hunting behaviour, while the ‘click’ call communicates serious threats (2).  

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Common genet range

The common genet occupies a wide range which includes North Africa, savannah areas of sub-Saharan Africa, Mediterranean Islands, Arabia, Yemen and Oman (1) (2). It has also been introduced to Portugal, Spain, southern France, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany and north-west Italy (1).

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Common genet habitat

The common genet favours dry areas such as rocky hills and Mediterranean woodland where crevices in the rocks and trees provide food, shelter and protection from predators (3). It tends to live where there are high densities of its favoured prey, the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) (7).

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Common genet status

Classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Least Concern

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Common genet threats

The common genet is not currently considered to be seriously threatened (7). However, hunting this species for its attractive fur is common in many countries (2), and it is also hunted for use in traditional ‘medicines’ in some areas (1). The removal of woodland for human development may also have some impact on the common genet, and domestic dogs are known to kill this species (2).   

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Common genet conservation

Although there are no specific conservation strategies in place for the common genet, it is found in many protected areas throughout its range (1). In some countries, including Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, the common genet is also protected by law (1).

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Find out more

To find out about the conservation of small carnivores see:

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Authentication

Checked (24/08/10) by Dr Francis Gilbert, Associate Professor, University of Nottingham.
http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/~plzfg/

This species information was authored as part of the ARKive and Universities Scheme.
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Glossary

Carnivore
An animal that feeds on flesh.
Carnivorous
Feeding on flesh.
Gestation
The state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth.
Home range
The area occupied by an animal during routine activities, which is not actively defended.
Nocturnal
Active at night.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (April, 2010)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org
  2. Larivière, S. and Calzada, J. (2001) Genetta genetta. Mammalian Species, 680: 1-6.
  3. Kingdon, J. (1977) East African Mammals. An Atlas of Evolution in Africa. Volume 111, Part A (Carnivores). Academic Press, London.
  4. Hoath, R. (2009) A Field Guide to the Mammals of Egypt. The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo, Egypt.
  5. Burton, M. and Burton, R. (2002) International Wildlife Encyclopedia. Marshall Cavendish, New York.
  6. Mares, M.A. (1999) Encyclopedia of Deserts. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.
  7. Sarmento, P.B., Cruz, J.P., Eira, C.I. and Fonseca, C. (2010) Habitat selection and abundance of common genets Genetta genneta using camera capture-mark-recapture data. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 56: 59-66.
  8. Virgós, E., Llorente, M. and Cortés, Y. (1999) Geographical variation in genet (Genetta genetta L.) diet: a literature review. Mammalian Review, 29: 119-128.
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Image credit

Common genet in tree, at night  
Common genet in tree, at night

© Jose B. Ruiz / naturepl.com

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