It is thought that these birds may have a slow reproductive rate; not breeding every year and taking several years to reach sexual maturity. Pairs are believed to be monogamous and build nests in caves or narrow cliff crevices. The clutch of three to five eggs is laid between March and June and is only incubated by the female (4).
Using their large bill, these birds dig for food on the forest floor. They take a variety of flowers, leaves, buds and even insects and small animals. During the winter large groups of monals have been recorded; some of these are thought to be bachelor groups. In winter, groups roost in the branches of rhododendron shrubs (4).