Chilean woodstar (Eulidia yarrellii)

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Chilean woodstar feeding from flower
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Chilean woodstar fact file

Chilean woodstar description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAves
OrderApodiformes
FamilyTrochilidae
GenusEulidia (1)

The Chilean woodstar is a small hummingbird. It has iridescent olive-green plumage and white underparts (2). Males are distinguished by their violet-red throat patch and both sexes possess short, black bills (2).

Spanish
Colibrí de Arica.
Size
Length: 8 cm (2)
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Chilean woodstar biology

Little is known about the natural ecology of this small hummingbird. It is a solitary feeder and has been observed in gardens feeding on flowers of Lantana spp. and Hibiscus spp. (2). Nests containing eggs and chicks have been recorded in late August (2).

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Chilean woodstar range

This bird is currently restricted to the extreme northern reaches of Chile. It is thought to be confined to just two valleys that contain suitable habitat (2).

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Chilean woodstar habitat

Found in scrub in desert river valleys up to 750 metres above sea level (2).

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Chilean woodstar status

Classified as Endangered (EN – B1+2abce) on the IUCN Red List 2002 (1), and listed on Appendix II of CITES (3).

IUCN Red List species status – Endangered

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Chilean woodstar threats

The highly restricted range of the Chilean woodstar represents a threat to its survival; the species is confined to just two valleys in northern Chile which are already heavily cultivated (2). Viable habitat for this species of hummingbird is therefore scarce.

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Chilean woodstar conservation

Further research into the natural ecology of this species is urgently required in order to understand the nature of resources needed to sustain the population. Exports of hummingbirds from Peru and Chile are controlled (2) and this species is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) (3).

View information on this species at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
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Find out more

BirdLife International’s World Bird Database:
http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/search/species_search.html

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact: arkive@wildscreen.org.uk
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (August, 2003) www.redlist.org
  2. BirdLife International (2003) BirdLife’s online World Bird Database: the site for bird conservation. Version 2.0. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International. Available at: www.birdlife.org
  3. CITES (August, 2003) www.cites.org
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Image credit

Chilean woodstar feeding from flower  
Chilean woodstar feeding from flower

© BBC Natural History Unit

BBC Natural History Unit
c/o BBC Motion Gallery
The Garden house
Media Centre
201 Wood Lane
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W12 7TQ
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 20 8433 2861 / 2
Fax: +44 (0) 20 8433 2939
motiongallery.uk@bbc.co.uk
http://www.bbcmotiongallery.com

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