These pheasants tend to be fairly gregarious for much of the year, aggregating into flocks of five to fifteen birds, but form monogamous pairs during the breeding season from late April to June (8). Clutch sizes are relatively large, usually comprising ten to eleven eggs, though as many as 14 have been reported (2) (7) (8). The nest is typically located at the foot of a rocky crag on steep hillsides, usually well hidden in grasses, bushes or bracken (2) (8). The eggs are incubated for 26 days (in captivity) by the female, although the male usually remains close by (2) (8), and will help brood and protect the newly hatched chicks (7). If very young chicks are disturbed, both parents will perform a distraction display and the male will threaten the intruder (7).
Most of the cheer pheasant’s food is believed to be dug from the ground with its powerful beak, and includes roots, tubers, bulbs, buried seeds, grubs, beetles, snails, insect larvae and worms. Seeds, berries, grasses and leaves from above ground may also feature in the diet (2) (5) (7). Foraging is done in mornings and evenings, typically in pairs or sometimes in family groups (8).