Ceylon tiger (Parantica taprobana)

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Ceylon tiger with wings open
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Ceylon tiger fact file

Ceylon tiger description

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumArthropoda
ClassInsecta
OrderLepidoptera
FamilyDanaidae
GenusParantica (1)

The Ceylon tiger (Parantica taprobana) is a large, striking butterfly with rich dark chocolate coloured upperwings featuring greenish-white markings (3). There are two streaks on the forewings that start at the base of the wing and extend outwards; there are also a number of spots towards the outer margin of the wings (3). The sexes are similar in appearance (2).

Size
Wingspan: 80-90 mm (2)
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Ceylon tiger biology

The Ceylon tiger typically flies high in the tree canopy, but descends to the ground to feed on the nectar of wayside flowers (2). As it feeds, it hangs on the flowers with its wings partially open (3). The caterpillars feed on a creeper (Ceropegia thwaitesi) (3).

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Ceylon tiger range

Endemic to Sri Lanka, the Ceylon tiger is found in the central mountains (3).

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Ceylon tiger habitat

Inhabits the high tree canopy at elevations of over 3000 feet. Occasionally, the Ceylon tiger may also be seen in gardens amongst tree plantations (3).

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Ceylon tiger status

The Ceylon tiger is classified as Near Threatened (NT) by the IUCN Red List (1).

IUCN Red List species status – Near Threatened

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Ceylon tiger threats

Within Sri Lanka, the Ceylon tiger is not rare. However it is found only in this country and has a relatively restricted distribution, which makes it vulnerable (3).

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Ceylon tiger conservation

There are no conservation measures targeting the Ceylon tiger.

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Find out more

Find out more on the Ceylon tiger:

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Authentication

This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. If you are able to help please contact:
arkive@wildscreen.org.uk

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Glossary

Endemic
A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area.
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References

  1. IUCN Red List (February, 2011)
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  2. Michael and Nancy van der Poorten in Gehan' s Guide to the Birds, Butterflies and Dragonflies of Sri Lanka by Gehan de Silva Wijeyeratne:
    http://www.jetwingeco.com
  3. Sri Lankan Insects (March 2004):
    http://www.srilankaninsects.net/Butterflies/Danaidae/CeylonTiger/CeylonTiger.htm
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Image credit

Ceylon tiger with wings open  
Ceylon tiger with wings open

© Kanishka Ukuwela

Kanishka Ukuwela
No. 500 VC Ampitiya, Kandy,
20160
Sri Lanka
kanishkauku@gmail.com
http://sites.google.com/site/srilankaamphibians/

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