Carvalho's tree toad (Dendrophryniscus carvalhoi) is a small, cryptically coloured amphibian endemic to the Atlantic forest of Brazil. It is named in memory of Professor Antenor Leitão de Carvalho, a respected herpetologist and ichthyologist of the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro (2).
Carvalho’s tree toad has a triangular-shaped head, with a ridge which runs from the above the eye to the tip of the snout. The back is covered in large, grainy bumps and an ‘X’-shaped spot pattern. The fore legs of Carvalho’s tree toad are slender, with enlarged tips to the fingers (2), although the more robust first finger is somewhat reduced on the male, and is covered in a thickened, hardened pad called a ‘nuptial pad’, which is used to clasp the female during breeding (3). The hind limbs are also slender, with comparatively small toes which are slight webbed (2).
- Length: 14 - 19 mm (2)