Although the very restricted range of this species is believed to have resulted from natural processes occurring after the last ice age, its limited distribution makes Carabus olympiae particularly vulnerable to extinction. The population also fluctuates widely from year to year, and is generally much lower than in related, more widespread species (2).
The main threat to Carabus olympiae is tourist development, in particular for the skiing industry, with the construction of ski runs and pistes severely altering the habitat, and associated roads and traffic also causing damage (2) (5) (7). Potential plans for a hydroelectric dam and for the construction of an artificial lake to feed snow-cannons have also further threatened the area (2).
In addition, activities such as cattle grazing may alter the density of shrubs, potentially affecting Carabus olympiae (6), and the removal of old and dead trees as part of forest management may remove important habitat for the larvae of this and other beetle species (2).