Renowned for the alkaloid-based toxic secretions from the skin, which are used to paralyse or kill potential predators, the vibrant colouration of the Cainarachi poison frog serves as a warning that it is poisonous. This toxicity is derived from its food, which consists mainly of insects (3) (5).
The breeding behaviour of the Cainarachi poison frog is, as yet, undescribed. However, male poison frogs tend to be fiercely territorial and engage in competitive vocal displays, calling loudly from conspicuous positions to attract spectating females. Once paired up, the male leads the female to a moist, streamside cave where the small clutch of eggs is subsequently laid. The male then fertilises the eggs and may then guard them until the tadpoles are developed. Once hatched, the tadpoles are carried on the back of the male to a stream, where they are deposited, and over time the tadpoles will undergo metamorphosis to become adult frogs (3) (4) (5) (6).