Buxton’s jird spends most of its time in underground burrows (1) (3). Species in the genus Meriones dig their burrow in soft soil (1) (3), and the complexity of the burrow can vary greatly within and between different species (3). Burrows may be built several metres underground, with multiple entrances and a system of complex, interlinking tunnels and galleries, while others are located at much shallower depths and have fewer entrances and tunnels. The burrow usually has several food storage chambers which are often positioned near to the surface, as well as one or more nest chambers deeper underground (3).
The burrow is usually home to a mated pair and their most recent litter. Despite being fairly territorial and aggressive towards unknown intruders, jirds will usually tolerate family members, and some species may even sometimes share the burrow with another family (3).
There is very little specific information available on the breeding biology of Buxton’s jird. However, based on the behaviour of other Meriones species in Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Middle East, it is likely that breeding takes place throughout the year, with peaks in breeding activity from late winter to early autumn. Females of most species in the genus Meriones produce two to three litters each year. Gestation is thought to last for between 20 and 31 days in most species, and litter sizes of 1 to 12 young have been reported. Buxton’s jird gives birth to the young in a nest, which is usually composed of dried vegetation (3).
Jirds are not thought to hibernate, although some species are known enter torpor, while others remain underground throughout the winter and live entirely off stored food (3). It is likely that the diet of Buxton’s jird is similar to most other species in the genus, consisting mainly of a variety of green vegetation, roots, bulbs, seeds, cereals, fruits and insects (1) (3). Buxton’s jird may eat more leaves than other Meriones species (1).