Although the brownstriped grunt was discovered as long ago as 1842, very little is known about this reef fish, having been misidentified on several occasions prior to its eventual rediscovery in 1982 (3) (4). It is a relatively small species of Anisotremus, with a deep, compressed body. The head and body are primarily dark-brown in colour, with six narrow whitish-gold, horizontal stripes, giving the converse impression of six wide brown stripes, hence the common name. The pelvic fins are black, while the other fins are light yellow (2) (4). All species in the family Haemulidae are known as grunts because of the noise they make by grinding their well-developed pharyngeal teeth together (5).
- Max length: 18 cm (2)