The Brazilian rosewood grows in wet (hygrophilous) forests on rich soils, especially where the soil consists of clay and loam (a mix of sand, silt and clay) with good drainage. It grows across a range of climatic conditions that includes tropical lowlands and sub-montane rainforests (1) (2) (5).
The Brazilian rosewood grows as a medium-sized tree in semi-deciduous tropical forests in Minas Gerais, but tends to be larger elsewhere. It is now rare in undisturbed forests, and is more common as a small tree in secondary growth and pastures, as it regenerates well from stumps. The Brazilian rosewood is also often cultivated in experiment stations, parks and urban areas, either as an ornamental tree or for its economic value (5).