The population of the blue-winged macaw is currently declining, and this species is becoming increasingly rare in the southern parts of its range. However, it still remains widespread over much of its Brazilian range and has returned to areas in its historical range in southern Rio de Janeiro (5)
Exploitation of the blue-winged macaw for the cage-bird trade is a major threat (5)
. Larger macaws are often more expensive, so slightly smaller species such as the blue-winged macaw are in higher demand as pets (6) .
Another major threat to the blue-winged macaw is habitat loss. Deforestation in this species’ range has severely limited nest availability and foraging areas. Only 7.5 percent of the original Atlantic forest of Brazil remains (8)
, and deforestation is of particular concern in Sao Paulo, Brazil, where less than two percent of the semi-deciduous forest is left (9) . Both these areas are particularly important to the survival of the blue-winged macaw (5).
In addition, the blue-winged macaw is disliked by farmers as it is considered a pest to crops and therefore persecuted. This is thought to be an important reason for why the population in Argentina has declined so dramatically (5)