The blue notho has a remarkable life history as it lives and breeds in small temporary ponds, which are only present during the wet season (3). Consequently, the blue notho must complete its lifecycle within this brief period (4).
Like other killifish, it is likely that the male blue notho is very territorial, and defends an area against intrusion from all other males (4). As the blue notho must reproduce before its temporary water habitat dries out (3), it is likely to mate with any females that enter its territory (4).
The blue notho lays its eggs in the muddy substrate (6). Due to the blue notho living in often difficult and dry conditions, the eggs it produces are desiccation-resistant, meaning they can endure extreme periods of drought. This adaptation allows the eggs to survive the dry season, when the temporary pools of water dry out (3). The eggs can last for a few years without drying out and as soon as the next rainfall comes, the eggs will hatch (6).
Like closely related species, the blue notho usually feeds on insects, aquatic insect larvae, and crustaceans (4).