Tuesday 21 May
Blue lorikeet (Vini peruviana)
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Blue lorikeet fact file
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Blue lorikeet description
This stout lorikeet is immediately identifiable by its striking pattern of white cheeks and bib against a mostly dark blue plumage, combined with an orange bill and legs (2) (4). No less recognisable is this bird’s call, which consists of a very high-pitched hissing screech scheee-scheee (4).
- Also known as
- Tahitian lorikeet/lory.
- Lori Monjita. Top
Ornithological Society of Polynesia – MANU:
IUCN Red List (May, 2009)
- del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1997) Handbook of the Birds of the World – Sandgrouse To Cuckoos. Vol. 4. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
CITES (October, 2006)
BirdLife International (May, 2009)
- Ziembicki, M. and Raust, P. (2006) Status and conservation of the Vini lorikeets of French Polynesia. Report to the Loro Parque Foundation and CEPA. Société d’Ornithologie de Polynésie, Papeete, French Polynesia.
Bennu, D.A.N. Ph.D. (1999) Rare and Endangered Lories (May, 2009)
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Blue lorikeet biology
Breeding has been recorded in October, December and January, with nests found high up in holes in trees. Clutches of two eggs are incubated for 25 days in captivity, and the nestling period lasts around 60 days (2).
The blue lorikeet feeds on nectar, soft fruit, flowers and leaf shoots, particularly of coconut, banana, guava and mango (2) (4). It is also observed to consume small insects and the larvae (caterpillars) of moths and butterflies (5).Top
Blue lorikeet range
The blue lorikeet is today found on only 9 of up to 24 islands on which it was known to occur at the time of European discovery of the Pacific. Eight of these islands are located in French Polynesia, including the Society Islands and the northern atolls of the Tuamotu Archipelago (5). An additional population occurs on Aitutaki, in the Cook Islands (4). Recent surveys in French Polynesia, combined with information from previous surveys, suggest a global population estimate for the species of between 7,200 and 9,000 individuals (5).Top
Blue lorikeet habitat
The blue lorikeet is most commonly found on atolls and low islands where it is typically found in coconut plantations (5). On high islands it is found in all habitats, but is most common in lowland woodlands, mixed stands of native and cultivated trees, flowering plants, gardens, and coconut and banana plantations (2) (4).Top
Blue lorikeet statusTop
Blue lorikeet threats
The extinction of blue lorikeets from many islands is primarily a result of predation by black rats (Rattus rattus) (6) and feral cats introduced by humans, as well as hunting for illegal trade, mainly by locals (4) (6). A particularly violent hurricane is also thought to have had a significant impact on bird populations on Makatea, in the Tuamotus (4).Top
Blue lorikeet conservation
Survival of this species is dependent on the absence of black rats on the islands where it remains. Thus, raising conservation awareness about the need to prevent the introduction of this animal is essential in the long-term protection of this colourful lorikeet (2). In addition, eradication of black rats on infested islands should be undertaken (5).Top
Find out more
For more information on the blue lorikeet see:
Authenticated (06/05/2009) by Mark Ziembicki, Biodiversity Conservation Unit, Dept. of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts (NRETA).
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