The blue chaffinch is listed in Annex I of the EU Wild Birds Directive (8) and it is also listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention, which means that the blue chaffinch and its habitat should be strictly protected (9).
Since 1982, key areas for the blue chaffinch on Gran Canaria have been protected. In 1987, El Teide forest on Tenerife and six important areas on Gran Canaria were designated as Natural Parks or Natural Areas (2) (4).
In 1991, a conservation programme was initiated for the blue chaffinch which involved a variety of research studies and the implementation of both in-situ and ex-situ conservation and management measures (2) (4). This was followed by a captive breeding programme in 1992, an effort which was renewed in 2005 (2).
Current conservation actions include the implementation of fire prevention measures, especially during the summer, and the limitation of human access to suitable blue chaffinch habitat on Gran Canaria (2). An ongoing project on Gran Canaria is focusing on the restoration of fire-damaged pine forest, and research into the potential threat posed by inbreeding in the population is also being conducted on the island. Cats have been controlled on Gran Canaria since 1996, and now measures are being taken against alien species on Tenerife (2).
The Canary pine woodland habitat of the blue chaffinch is listed in Annex I of the EU Habitats Directive, which means that it has been identified as an area of conservation concern (10).
Although the global population of the blue chaffinch appears to be showing a positive trend, the Gran Canaria subspecies is still in decline (3) and continues to require intensive conservation efforts (2).
Further proposed conservation actions for the blue chaffinch include expanding the monitoring and research efforts, producing an official governmental action plan, including this species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), protecting drinking sites for the birds and managing forests (2).