South America’s newest nature reserve, Reserva Natural El Paujil, was established in 2004 by the Colombian bird conservation NGO, Fundación ProAves (2) (7). It is in the Serranía de las Quinchas, the sole surviving block of Magdalena Valley Humid Forest. The reserve, which is named after the local name for this species, El Paujil, is a major refuge for threatened endemic species and is thought to contain the most significant surviving population of the blue-billed curassow (7). Penalties have been introduced here for shooting or trapping species (2), and ProAves is planning to purchase a further 5,000 ha of forest adjoining the reserve (7). Other reserves also exist, such as the Bajo Cauca-Nechí Regional Reserve, which has been recently declared and probably holds this species, and the vast Paramillo National Park, but no protective measures have been implemented here (2).
A captive breeding programme has been established by Fundación Ecolombia in the Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre Los Farallones, although this has so far been unsuccessful. Thus, artificial insemination is being considered as an option for improving results (8). Breeding in captivity has been successful in collections elsewhere (5), however, and certainly provides a viable method of conserving this critically endangered species, with the hope that such birds can someday be released back into their newly protected habitat in the wild.