Bates’ pygmy antelope is a predominantly solitary species, with each individual inhabiting its own home range, although the range of a male often overlaps that of two females (4). Males are territorial and will mark their range with secretions from their preorbital glands (4).
It is an entirely folivorous species, and thus to gain enough energy from this rather innutritious diet of leaves, its daily activity and yearly movements are largely dictated by the need to obtain sufficient quantities of digestible foliage (4). Within its range, Bates’ pygmy antelope will move around a number of suitable feeding sites on rotation, spending one to two months in each area (3).
Bates’ pygmy antelope apparently mates throughout the year, but peaks of mating activity occur in the late dry and early wet seasons. Young are born after a gestation period lasting six months (4). Males reach sexual maturity at some time between 8 and 18 months, while females become sexually mature at around 16 months (3).