Tuesday 21 May
Barberry carpet moth (Pareulype berberata)
What’s the World’s Favourite Species?Find out here.
Barberry carpet moth fact file
- Find out more
- Print factsheet
Barberry carpet moth description
Adult Barberry Carpet moths have greyish-white forewings with attractive brown patterning (5), and the hindwings are paler and more uniform (6). The caterpillar is brown in colour and has a stout appearance with darker stripes along the back (5); it moves by a 'looping' action (7). The common name refers to the larval foodplant, barberry (Berberis vulgaris) (3).
- Wingspan: 2.7- 3.2 cm (2)
Barberry carpet moth biology
This is a 'double-brooded' or 'bivoltine' species; two generations are produced during a single year. Adults of the first brood are active in May and the beginning of June, their eggs hatch, the resulting caterpillars are active in mid-June to mid-July and then pupate. The second brood adults emerge in August, the caterpillars that hatch from their eggs are active in August and September, and the pupae overwinter as a dormant stage. When the adults emerge the following year in April/May, the cycle begins once again (2). The caterpillars feed on barberry (3).Top
Barberry carpet moth range
This endangered moth once had a fairly widespread distribution from Devon and Sussex reaching as far north as Yorkshire (3). Following a decline, just nine known native breeding sites currently exist in 5 counties including Gloucestershire, Wiltshire, Hampshire, Suffolk and Dorset (7). Elsewhere the range extends through Europe reaching east to Asia Minor and north to Sweden (3).Top
Barberry carpet moth habitat
The foodplant grows in sunny locations in hedgerows and at the edges of woodlands (3).Top
Barberry carpet moth statusTop
Barberry carpet moth threats
Since the 19th century the foodplant has been removed from hedgerows because it was identified as a host of the wheat-rust fungus Puccinia graminis, which affects agricultural crops (7). In addition, damage often occurs to barberry plants through burning and hedge trimming (3). At present, efforts are being made to propagate barberry, with promising results (7).Top
Barberry carpet moth conservation
This moth has been identified as a priority species under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan and is the focus of an English Nature Species Recovery Programme, which began in 1995 (3). The aims of the Species Action Plan include the maintenance and enhancement of all known populations, and the restoration of ten populations within the historic range by the year 2010 (3). These targets have begun to be met through an English Nature-funded captive breeding programme at Bristol Zoo with subsequent releases into the wild (8). Further collections of this species are held at Dudley Zoo, Whipsnade Wild Animal Park, and by a number of private breeders (7).Top
Find out more
Further reading on moths:
Leverton, R. (2001) Enjoying Moths. Poyser, London.
Skinner, B. (1984) Moths of the British Isles. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth
For more information on the captive breeding and release programme at Bristol Zoo see:
Information authenticated by Warren Spencer of the Invertebrate Section, Bristol Zoo Gardens:
- (Also known as 'double-brooded'). Insect life cycle that takes 12 months to be complete, but involves two generations in that time. The first generation adults lay eggs that give rise to those of the second generation. The second generation overwinters either as an egg, larva, pupa or adult.
- Of the stage in an animal's lifecycle after it hatches from the egg. Larvae are typically very different in appearance to adults; they are able to feed and move around but usually are unable to reproduce.
- Stage in an insect's development when huge changes occur, which reorganise the larval form into the adult form. In butterflies the pupa is also called a chrysalis.
- The process of forming a pupa, the stage in an insect's development, when huge changes occur that reorganise the larval form into the adult form. In butterflies the pupa is also called a chrysalis.
- National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (April 2003) http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/
- Skinner, B (1984) Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles. Viking Press, London.
- UK BAP Species Action Plan (December 2001): http://www.ukbap.org.uk
- JNCC (December 2001): http://www.jncc.gov.uk/species/protect/animals.htm
- South, R. (1961) The moths of the British Isles. Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd., London
- Pers. obv. From reference 2.
- Warren Spencer , Bristol Zoo Gardens Invertebrate Section (April 2003) Pers. Comm.
- Bristol Zoo (April 2003): http://www.bristolzoo.org.uk/conservation/nativespecies.htm
MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.
Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials
Copyright in this website and materials contained on this website (Material) belongs to Wildscreen or its licensors.
Visitors to this website (End Users) are entitled to:
- view the contents of, and Material on, the website;
- download and retain copies of the Material on their personal systems in digital form in low resolution for their own personal use;
- teachers, lecturers and students may incorporate the Material in their educational material (including, but not limited to, their lesson plans, presentations, worksheets and projects) in hard copy and digital format for use within a registered educational establishment, provided that the integrity of the Material is maintained and that copyright ownership and authorship is appropriately acknowledged by the End User.
End Users shall not copy or otherwise extract, alter or manipulate Material other than as permitted in these Terms and Conditions of Use of Materials.
Additional use of flagged material
Green flagged material
Certain Material on this website (Licence 4 Material) displays a green flag next to the Material and is available for not-for-profit conservation or educational use. This material may be used by End Users, who are individuals or organisations that are in our opinion not-for-profit, for their not-for-profit conservation or not-for-profit educational purposes. Low resolution, watermarked images may be copied from this website by such End Users for such purposes. If you require high resolution or non-watermarked versions of the Material, please contact Wildscreen with details of your proposed use.
Creative commons material
Certain Material on this website has been licensed to Wildscreen under a Creative Commons Licence. These images are clearly marked with the Creative Commons buttons and may be used by End Users only in the way allowed by the specific Creative Commons Licence under which they have been submitted. Please see http://creativecommons.org for details.
Any other use
Please contact the copyright owners directly (copyright and contact details are shown for each media item) to negotiate terms and conditions for any use of Material other than those expressly permitted above. Please note that many of the contributors to ARKive are commercial operators and may request a fee for such use.
Save as permitted above, no person or organisation is permitted to incorporate any copyright material from this website into any other work or publication in any format (this includes but is not limited to: websites, Apps, CDs, DVDs, intranets, extranets, signage, digital communications or on printed materials for external or other distribution). Use of the Material for promotional, administrative or for-profit purposes is not permitted.