The word ‘civet’ is derived from an Arabic word, ‘zabad’, which is the name of an oily fluid secreted from the scent glands of most members of the family Viverridae (8). Many civet species use scent marking as a means of territory defence (10).
Like most civet species, the banded civet is nocturnal, which is likely to be an adaptation to avoid larger mammalian predators and raptors which are active during the day (11) (12). Members of the Viverridae family are known to spend much of the day sheltering from predators in tree holes, tangles of vines, caves, burrows and even man-made objects (6).
Although the banded civet does sometimes feed on fruit, the majority of its diet is made up of invertebrates (11) (13).
All species of civet typically give birth to one or two young and may have up to two litters per year (6), with a relatively long nursing period of approximately 70 days (8). Although there is little information on the reproductive behaviour of the banded civet in the wild, there have been some observations made in captivity. The young are born barely able to crawl, with folded ears and closed eyes which take 8 to 12 days to open (3). To transport the young, the female will pick them up and carry them in her mouth (14). In captivity, the young have been seen walking after 18 days, and after 4 weeks were observed climbing a tree in the enclosure with the female. After 10 weeks they became much more independent and began foraging for themselves. During the first two months of life, young banded civets in captivity have been observed emitting high-pitched cries, and producing a hacking cough when disturbed (3).
It is not known if the banded civet is a solitary species; however, the related palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) is known to be solitary, with the male and female only coming together to breed. Young female palm civets will remain in the range of the adult female until they mature at two years of age (15), and it is possible that the banded civet may behave in a similar way.