The primary threat to the azure-breasted pitta is the loss of forest habitat on the islands it occupies. All the islands were once completely forested, but now little forest remains. For example, on Mindanao, only 29% of original forest remained in 1988, and that percentage has declined further since. Many of the factors that caused loss of forest habitat in the past still threaten the remaining forest. These include firewood and rattan collection, hunting and trapping, slash-and-burn agriculture, and commercial forestry (5).